tools and devices to support medical issues during pandemic

HOW THE WORLD WORKS

Central Idea

Tools and devices to support medical issue during pandemic

Lines of Inquiry

1. What types of health devices and their function - Function
2. How the device works? - Function
3. How the technology (the device) connected with human health? - Connection
4. Human responsibility to use the technology that impacts human life and to protect surroundings - Responsibility

Key Concept

Function
Connection
Responsibility

Al-Quran Verses

QS: Al-Insyirah ayat 5:
“Maka sesungguhnhya beserta kesulitan ada kemudahan”.

QS: Al-Fathir ayat 2:
“Apa saja diantara rahmat Allah yang dianugerahkan kepada manusia. Maka, tidak ada yang dapat menahannya; dan apa saja yang ditahan-Nya maka tidak ada yang sanggup untuk melepaskannya setelah itu. Dan Dia lah yang Maha Perkasa, Maha Bijaksana”.

our Exhibition team

Ziv

Grade 5A

“I want to know how we can contribute to human health through technology”

Gabi

Grade 5A

“I want to know the connection of technology with human health”

Sybil

Grade 5A

“I want to try something new related with technology and science”

Grego

Grade 5A

“I want to know how medical facilities that we have support human health”

Meet the Mentors

“Apa saja diantara rahmat Allah yang dianugerahkan kepada manusia. Maka, tidak ada yang dapat menahannya; dan apa saja yang ditahan-Nya maka tidak ada yang sanggup untuk melepaskannya setelah itu. Dan Dia lah yang Maha Perkasa, Maha Bijaksana”. (QS: Al-Fatir ayat 2)

(Ms Ripka, Ms Salsa, Ms Nana, Ms Rara)

STEP 1: IDENTIFYING GLOBAL SIGNIFICANT ISSUES

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.  This virus has unwittingly spurred the development of world science, including Indonesia. According to Dudi Hidayat, a science policy expert in the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), said the virus that causes COVID-19 brings great wisdom to the world of science (Retrieved from Kompas, 2020). It turns out that in the midst of this pandemic, Indonesia is able to produce a number of innovations in tools and technology, which previously may not have been thought of. One of the examples is the innovation of a body thermometer.

However, COVID-19 Response Acceleration Task Force also declared that the coronavirus pandemic in Indonesia entered a state of emergency. This is due to the availability of health tools and devices which is limited because of the rapidly increasing demand. 

Find out more here:

That's why the students choose the topic "Tools and Devices to Support Medical Issues" because medical devices and their functions can assist in monitoring a person's condition to prevent harm. For that, the students want to analyze several medical devices that people should have at home during this pandemic, specifically a body thermometer. 

STEP 2: determining timing and time frame

In this step, students formulated their own Central Idea and Lines of Inquiry using their previous inquiry questions. Besides that, they also already set the time frame to develop an action plan so that the goal can be met within the stated time frame.

This time frame helps to prevent everyday tasks from taking priority over their longer-term goals.

Tools and devices to support medical issues during a pandemic are quite huge and broad. We discussed types of devices generally. Students list down the devices that they knew so far. During the zoom meeting, they were communicating with mentors and group members what they already knew, what students want to know, and what have they learned during the exhibition process. After 2 weeks of meeting in the zoom and WhatsApp group, we decided to focus on medical devices. Alhamdulillah, we agreed to choose Thermometer as a device that we will be focusing on during this exhibition journey.

In this step, students did independent research in order to know what are the differences between the thermometer and also the accuracy of each unit. By using compare and contrast method, they found the history, pictures, function, and how does it work. Students also learned how to manage their time management by always communicate with peers and mentors.

 

Types of thermometer

Digital Thermometer

Digital thermometer is one of medical devices to measure the temperature, specially made in digital form, where it is able to provide a high degree of accuracy in expressing the amount of temperature in an object, space, or substance.

Six-Bellani Thermometer

The Six-Bellani thermometer is also called the maximum-minimum thermometer. This thermometer can record the highest temperature and lowest temperature within a certain period of time. This thermometer has 2 liquids, namely alcohol and mercury.

Room Thermometer

A room thermometer is usually installed on the wall of a house or office. A room thermometer measures the temperature of the air at any given moment. The scale of this thermometer is from -50 C to 50 C.

Clinical Thermometer

Clinical thermometer is also called fever thermometer. This thermometer is used by doctors to measure the patient's temperature. In a healthy condition, the human body temperature is around 37 C. But when you have a fever, your body temperature can exceed that number, it can even reach 40 C.

Bimetal Thermometer

Bimetal thermometers use metals to indicate changes in temperature on the principle that metals will expand when heated and shrink when cooled.

medical-ir-thermometer-500x500

Sensor Thermometer

Sensor thermometer is similar to a shotgun, it is made out of plastic. The scale is described also with digits. This thermometer uses a lens to focus the infrared energy from an object’s onto a sensor that measures it, typically a thermopile.

scale of thermometer

C

Celcius

A scale of temperature on which water freezes at 0 and boils at 100 under standard conditions.

Farenheit

A scale of temperature on which water freezes at 32 and boils at 212 under standard conditions.

Reanur

A scale of temperature for which the freezing and boiling points of water are defined as 0 and 80

STEP 3: Engaging support from the learning community

We invited 4 guest speakers who are expert in medical devices and thermometer to answer the inquiry questions created by the students.  Besides that, the students also wanted to get the insight about the experiment and action that possible to do during this pandemic situation.

Science Experiment suggestions:

  • Applying the thermometer
  • Comparing the thermometer that has been made with the existing thermometer

Work at PT Qlue Performa Indonesia, in the IoT (Internet of Things) and AI (Artificial Intelligence) fields

Important notes about the thermometer:

  • The hand is the least accurate place to measure temperature
  • The best temperature measuring areas are: armpits, ears, forehead, rectum
  • The standard normal temperature from the government is 37.3 C
  • Thermometer accuracy ranges from 0.3 – 0.5 centigrade

Things that need to be considered when doing science experiments with a thermometer:

  • Make sure the objects are the same
  • Make sure the measuring distances are the same
  • Make sure the times are the same

Science Experiment suggestions:

  • Measuring the temperature of the same object in different places (different environments)
  • Comparing the thermometer made with the existing thermometer (gun thermometer)
  • Determine whether the thermometer made can also measure the temperature of objects other than humans such as ice, hot drinks, etc.

Tools to have during a pandemic:

  • Thermometer
  • Oxy-meter (oxygen saturation measuring device)
  • Nebulizer (steam)
  • Warm compress / towel
  • Body scale
  • In making medical devices, we need to know “how the body works”
  • To test whether the medical devices we make can be used or not, we need to compare them with medical devices that are commonly used for standardization.

Difference between digital and non digital medical devices:

  • Digital medical devices generally use sensors and have a screen that shows test results
  • Non-digital medical devices do not use sensors. For example: mercury thermometer

STEP 4: organizing learning

During this pandemic, since people can spread the virus before they know they are sick, it is important to stay at least 6 feet away from others when possible, even if we or they don’t have any symptoms. Social distancing is really important for people who are at higher risk for severe illness from COVID-19. Therefore, we conducted these two experiments to know whether the sensor thermometer can be more efficient, safe, yet accurate than a normal (gun) thermometer.

Experiment 1

Experiment 2

1st Experiment: Making the Thermometer

In this experiment, we chose to create a Sensor Thermometer because it is contactless, so it is recommended to use it during a pandemic.

Here is the result:

We got it hooked up and the thermometer worked. However, the results are not very accurate and require calibration to have an accurate result.

The thermometer arrangement system consists of inputs: temperature sensor (contactless) and laser (infrared).

Each component has pins consisting of Vcc, Gnd, scl, sda. The components are assembled on the breadboard and we connect them with jumpers.

Connect the board with the battery or power bank to support the power. 

2nd Experiment: Comparing Two Different Thermometers

To know whether sensor thermometer is accurate or not, we did 2nd experiment by comparing two different thermometers between non-sensor thermometer and sensor thermometer, where the non-sensor thermometer became our standard. We also want to find out whether ages, place, and time can affect human body temperature or not. Therefore, we conducted 5 days of observation with 4 different people of different ages. We measured their body temperature in the morning and in the night.

Person 1

Non-sensory Thermometer

Person 2

Non-sensory Thermometer

Person 3

Sensory Thermometer

Person 4

Sensory Thermometer

After 5 days of observations, we found several interesting facts:

Age Doesn't Affect Body Temperature

We compared the body temperature from various ages. There are child, kid, teenager, and adult. It turns out that all ages has similar degree of body temperature which around 35.5 to 36.7. 

Place Affects Body Temperature

In addition to our observation, we also found out the body temperature outdoor is higher than indoor because the weather tends to be warmer in open space.

STEP 5: monitoring the exhibition

Tuning In

First, we find background problem and article from newspaper. Then, we brainstorm our ideas into one central idea which about “Tools and Devices to Support Medical Issues During Pandemic” focusing on Thermometer.

Sorting Out

Third, we analyze which thermometer is more effective and safe to be used during this pandemic. 

Making Conclusion

After that, we analyze the result of the experiment to come up with the conclusion that can apply to our daily lives.

Finding Out

Second, we gather the information about types of thermometer, compare and contrast, and how to use them. 

Going Further

Fourth, we want to know more about thermometer by creating it by ourselves and do several experiments.

Taking Action

Finally, we share our knowledge to others by taking several actions: Advocacy and Social Entrepreneurship

It's time to share

Alhamdulillah, we have almost done! The students want to raise people’s awareness about medical devices through Advocacy and Social Entrepreneurship.

The students found that a strong commitment to our responsibility is the key to deal with this pandemic situation, and so are we ready to remind and support each other to work together in a fight the coronavirus?

The greater our commitment, the more safe and efficient will be. 

our action includes:

Advocacy: Poster campaign

We design and create a poster campaign about Types of Thermometer and How to Use Them. 

ADVOCACY: RAISING THE AWARENESS​

We do the Webinar to DokCil community in the school through zoom meeting on Thursday 25 March 2021 at 11-12AM. We also invited other schools around Jakarta to join as participants such as SDN 14, SDN 01, and SDS Al Hasra.

advocacy: sharing the knowledge

We create comic book about the knowledge about tools and devices that people should have during the pandemic situation along with the bookmark. These comic will be given to the library and the participants in the Webinar.

social entrepreneurship: donation

We donate a sensor thermometer to the Al Jabr community.

Panel Session

D-day

The panel presentation is not the end of our journey, but it really determines the results of our assessment. We present our result and analysis in the panel session with the head of school, school principal, PYP coordinator, grade 5 teachers, mentors and our parents. Nervousness, emotion, happy are a mixed up feelings. 

Alhamdulillah,

The panel session was run smoothly, we were able to speak fluently, answered questions well, and finished on time. We hope that the knowledge gained and the actions we have taken will be good for us, mentors, parents and the community. Aamiin

“Your beliefs become your thoughts, Your thoughts become your words, Your words become your actions, Your actions become your habits, Your habits become your values, Your values become your destiny.”

― Gandhi

Webinar Action

Alhamdulillah, we make awareness campaign with dokcil (dokter kecil) from several schools around Al Jabr and Al Jabr community. We shared all our journeys from the last 3 months about what we feel, what we did, and what we have been through that we took as our reflection. This is a truly challenging, engaging experiment and experience. With around 73 participants, Insha Allah, what we shared might be beneficial for our community nowadays and in the future.

Stay tuned and receive updates